How much do you know about the History of Anchorage Alaska? Enjoy this look at Anchor Town's unique past.
It didn't get started because someone discovered gold, although gold was discovered along Turnagain Arm (Cook Inlet) in 1888.
Anchor Town got its start way back in 1915 when a construction camp was needed for the Alaska Railroad. So, a kind of “tent city” was cobbled together at the mouth of Ship Creek and later along the bluff area.
More than 2000 people from all over began arriving at the mouth of Ship Creek, seeking employment. Some were merchants who would set up shops and other services.
They created the tent city that would become Anchorage.
As the population grew, the new town needed a name.
Those living in the tents had already begun calling it by names like “Ship Creek”.
But an official name was needed, so they had everyone vote for their favorite. Those included Alaska City, Gateway and of course, Ship Creek among other names.
Then shortly after the vote, the United States Post Office had another idea. They decided the name for the town would be “Anchorage”.
A lady named Martha “Babe” White was given the honor of driving the first spike in the Alaska Railroad at Ship Creek.
The History of Anchorage Alaska includes this:
Oscar Anderson claimed to be the 18th person to set foot on Ship Creek Flats.
He built the first home in Anchorage in the area now known as Elderberry Park. Anderson lived in the house until his passing in 1974.
Today, the Oscar Anderson House is open to the public.
History was being made, and a town had just been born, so to capture all the latest happenings, the Cook Inlet Pioneer began publishing a weekly newspaper.
Later, the name of the paper was changed to the Anchorage Daily Times.
The History of Anchorage Alaska looks back at Anchorage's first school, made from left over material from the Alaska Railroad.
The building had no running water and no electricity. It was heated by a few wood-burning stoves.
Ora Dee Clark was hired as the first school Superintendent and a teacher, along with three other teachers.
There were about 100 students in the first school.
There was an auction for land in the new town.
Irving L. Kimball and his wife Della purchased a lot at 500 West 5th Avenue where they built a store with an apartment for them and their family upstairs.
Kimball's Dry Goods was in operation for 87 years and the building still sits on its original location.
Built by Austin Eugene “Cap” Lathrop, the Empress Theatre first opened with the silent movie, “Peggy” starring Billy Burke.
A theatre organ was later added.
The Empress showed movies well into the 1950s.
Anchorage had grown out to 9th Street, but beyond that was wilderness.
So, the town's citizens got together and cleared a strip of land that would act as a fire break, and serve as an airstrip for bush pilots.
A 9 hole golf course was also created on the land now known as the Park Strip.
How well do you know the History of Anchorage Alaska?
The first radio station in Anchorage was KFQD.
But it wasn't just the first in Anchorage, it was the first in Alaska
Before it became Merrill Field, the airstrip outside of Anchorage was known as Aviation Field.
And when Aviation Field first opened in 1929, Anchorage quickly became the hub for air service in Alaska.
Vern Johnson is credited as being the “Father of the Fur Rendezvous”.
In 1935, Johnson organized the “Winter Sports Festival”. Just two years later, the name of the event was changed to, “Winter Sports Tournament and Fur Rendezvous”.
Today, the Fur Rendezvous is the largest winter carnival in the world.
A look back at the History of Anchorage Alaska
Anchorage's City Hall was dedicated at 524 West 4th Avenue.
Anchorage's first high school, Anchorage High School, was first opened in 1939 at 6th and F Streets.
The building also housed an elementary school and an auditorium that was also used for civic events.
Located across the street from the 4th Avenue Theater.
This building was constructed from 1939 to 1941.
Anchorage got a large boost in its population when Elmendorf Air Force Base and Fort Richardson were built just out of town in the 1940s.
Did You Know?
Fort Richardson was named in honor of Brigadier General Wilds P. Richardson
Elmendorf Field was named after Captain Hugh M. Elmendorf
The first World Championship Sled Dog Race was added to the Fur Rendezvous in 1946.
The History of Anchorage Alaska looks back at a jewel
World War II slowed construction of Cap Lathrop's second movie theatre in Anchorage.
Then, on May 31, 1947, The 4th Avenue Theatre opened. Lathrop had created a beautiful theatre experience for everyone to enjoy.
KENI radio signed on in May 1948 to become the second radio station in Anchorage, Alaska.
Owned by “Cap” Lathrop, the station was originally housed in the 4th Avenue Theatre building.
The station was later moved to the building shown above, which overlooks Westchester Lagoon.
After first opening in 1951, the airport quickly became important to aviation.
Anchorage International Airport was called the “Air Crossroads of the World”.
Anchorage was first named “All American City” by the National Municipal League and Look Magazine in 1956.
Since then, our town also received the award in 1965, 1985 and 2002.
Much has changed over the years when it comes to the history of Anchorage Alaska.
From a crude tent city on the muddy backs of Ship Creek in 1914, to the skyline of today's modern city with all the services and amenities you'd expect to find anyplace in the United States.
“I’ve learned a lot about my hometown of Anchorage, and you’ve jogged memories of things I haven’t thought about for years. I can only say YAY!” Juanita.